Comprehensive Reading for Children as a Very Important Process

You must start by knowing that comprehensive reading for children is, technically, the mental representation of the information found within a text. Through reading comprehension activities for primary school children, the effective and almost automatic recognition of words and the identification of the message or messages that the text wants to convey are encouraged.

In this way, children spend more time appreciating and analyzing information and putting it into context. Furthermore, reading comprehension will lead to the acquisition of vocabulary and the improvement of syntax and other grammatical aspects.

Learning to read is one of the key learnings in early childhood education. This learning is not only limited to relating symbols to sounds, structuring words or reading in a row. Learning to read is also understanding what is being read, reflecting on it and extracting knowledge. In this way, reading comprehension for children should be actively taught and practiced at all educational levels of children’s learning , both at home and at school.

1. Reading comprehension for elementary children

It is very important to keep in mind that for these readings to have a real impact on children’s education and they must be applied according to age. The important thing is that the child enjoys reading , as the difficulty increases. To achieve this, keep in mind the following tips according to the grade in which the children are.

2. Reading comprehension for first graders

  • Introduce children to short readings. Ideally, they should be no more than one or two paragraphs. These readings can be excerpts from well-known children’s stories or a made-up story. The important thing is that it contains elements that hold attention and are of low complexity
  • The texts with which you work may be accompanied by images. The images will make it easier for the child to recognize the context, in order to give meaning to the words that she is reading
  • Ask the child to identify with colors the words he knows and those he does not. This way you can provide the necessary information and the text will become much clearer
  • Ask three or four questions that are concise and require precise information. Examples of this are: What is the name of the princess? Where she was born?

3. Reading comprehension for second graders

  • Comprehensive reading for children increases in difficulty. You can use longer texts that include dialogue, longer sentences and deeper ideas. They can also be accompanied by images
  • In this cycle you will be able to complement the texts with readings that contain split sentences, word tracing activities and pyramid readings. This will improve children’s visual perception and require them to revise their vocabulary
  • Similarly, it is essential to add comprehensive reading with questionsthat lead the child to identify general and secondary ideas and the objectives of the text.

4. Reading comprehension for third and fourth graders

  • For third and fourth grade the topics of the readings should vary. They are no longer just tales or simple stories. You can include more «technical» texts about the subjects you are seeing. For example, they can be about animal life, history or even about the language itself
  • Questionnaires remain essential. Try to make them have a maximum length of ten questions and include precise information, such as names and dates, but also questions that imply the identification of concepts, intentions and personal reflections
  • In these grades , resources such as reading speed tests, cards with discontinuous texts, among others,are recommended.

5. Reading comprehension for fifth graders

  • Finishing primary, you will be able to implement other types of texts. They no longer have to be just stories or prose narratives. You can add poems, songs, plays. Comprehensive reading for children implies knowing multiple formats and relating to them appropriately
  • Ask the child to recognize the parts of speech, the main characters and ideas create reflections from the text in a hierarchical way
  • It promotes the creation of other resources based on reading, such as mental maps, summaries or exhibitions
  • It includes interactive tools such as games, online quizzes, among others.

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