We know that it is difficult to make a decision about what you want to do in life, but these tips will help you have the clearest picture when choosing a career.

We are not saying that young people do not have the right to make mistakes, but considering the very high costs of education, what can a student do to reduce uncertainty when choosing a career and choose well?

Internal factors: Self-assessment

There are three aspects about ourselves that we must take into account before choosing a career, experts explain:

1. Do not fool yourself

It is very important to know each other well: our aptitudes, interests and also the traits of our personality. These are the internal factors in decision making.

We must bear in mind that human beings tend to overestimate our own abilities (a characteristic known as the Dunning-Kruger Effect) and we only realize our limitations once we acquire knowledge about a subject or when we try to carry out the actions we thought that we would do well. For this reason, it is essential to inform ourselves well and think about our personal history, to identify our abilities and limitations, which leads us to the next point.

2. Reflect

We have to think about the skills that we have practiced during our childhood and adolescence. These should be reflected in our academic performance and also in extracurricular activities. What classes of school did I do well in? What extracurricular activities do I like to do?

I have always liked sports and I have excelled at it, this implies that I have physical aptitudes for them and that it is one of my strengths that will favor the choice of a profession», says the psychologist. «However, this does not mean that if I am good at sports, I should choose Physical Education Pedagogy, as this is not enough and must be accompanied by other interests and personality traits.

It is here when one must do a deeper analysis. Stop and do not get carried away only by tastes. For example, to dedicate yourself to teaching physical education, in addition to having physical aptitudes. I have to like teaching children and young people in school. I must have patience and motivation to collaborate in the formation of human beings and be structured, to work in an environment of rules and routine, where discipline plays a fundamental role.

3. In the end, interest rules

According to the psychologist, interests and skills are very important in choosing a profession. Nonetheless, in her opinion, the factor that weighs more is interest. This since «they are the manifest expression of the motivation to achieve and the effort that I am going to put into time to perform a certain task,» he explains.

A recommendation in this area is to look around us in our own room and drawers. There we will see represented our most likely vocation. Music? Art? Science? Sports? With that clear, it is possible to choose a profession that helps us channel that interest, even if it is indirectly.

External factors: Being well-informed when Choosing a Career

Once an analysis of our own strengths and weaknesses has been made, it is time to analyze the alternatives that are offered to us, in order to fully understand where and what we are getting into.

1. Do not jump in blindly

It is essential to find out about the curricula of interesting careers and natural talents that I need for the profession, to ensure that there is no mismatch between what I am and what the professional role will require of me in the time to exercise.

For that, you have to take your time: «Choosing a profession is not a one day thing, it is a search process where ideally there should be a greater coincidence between what I am and what I want to be and do in the labor field, it is based in our past and is projected into the future,» explains Del Río.

Here, it is essential to contact the universities. This as they all have information programs and fairs for applicants to facilitate this process. In some of them, it is even possible to attend the same classes and workshops.

To verify that the information given to us is true, it is very useful to talk to students of the career that we want.

2. Future work

Another of the external factors, in decision making, are the possibilities of occupations that this profession allows in our work reality. But the decision must be influenced by capabilities. «If I’m no good at math, I’m hardly going to be able to teach if I don’t understand it myself. The same thing happens with other professions. In general, people know their strengths and weaknesses and don’t choose what they find very difficult or incompatible with their personality traits,» says Del Río.

There is a problem when young people do not stop thinking about themselves and keep choosing a career only based on external variables, according to the psychologist. As for example, the social prestige that a profession in our society, or the money that can earn. This without taking into account the conditions or interests for it.

«I have seen this, for example, in the choice of Industrial Civil Engineering, when a person chooses this profession without having sufficient numerical skills, nor knowing what the role of the occupation that they will fulfill when exercising is about,» says the psychologist.

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